Saturday, 22 October 2011

The Cause of Cervical Cancer

What is Cervical Cancer?
Cervical cancer is a malignant type of cancer that is often suffered by women. Cervical cancer begins in cells of the cervix (cervical). Cervical cancer begins in the lining of the cervix and is growing very slowly. The occurrence of cervical cancer, starting from the change of some normal cells into precancerous cells, then transformed into cancer cells. These changes are called dysplasia and is usually detected with a pap smear test.

The Cause of Cervical Cancer

Cancer experts believe that the main cause of cervical cancer is the HPV virus. HPV virus will attack the membranes in the mouth and esophagus, cervix and anus. If not immediately detected, HPV infection causes the formation of precancerous cervical cells in the long run.
HPV virus is divided into two, namely low-risk HPV virus - the cause of genital warts - and high-risk HPV viruses that can alter the surface of vaginal cells. Viruses that include high-risk HPV types are HPV virus types 16, 18, 31, 33 and 45.

The following are some factors that cause the occurrence of cervical cancer:

1. Smoking: Women who smoke have twice the chance of cervical cancer than women who do not smoke.
2. HIV Infection: A woman who contracted HIV have weakened his immune system so it can not fight the HPV infection and cancer in its early stages.
3. Bacterial infection Chlamydia: Several studies have found that women who have a history or current chlamydia infection, have a higher risk of cervical cancer.
4. Birth control pills: Use of oral contraceptives in the long run may increase the risk of cervical cancer.
5. Pregnant more than 3 times: Women who underwent three or more times in the process of pregnancy have an increased risk of
cervical cancer is higher.
6. The first pregnancy at a young age: Women who are pregnant first at age under 17 years are almost always two times higher likelihood of developing cervical cancer in his old age when compared with women who delay pregnancy until the age of 25 years or more.
7. Family history : if your mother or sister had cervical cancer, your risk of this cancer reaches two or three times higher than those with no histor.
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