Monday, 24 October 2011

Causes of Breast Cancer

Causes of breast cancer
Breast cancer is one type of malignant cancer that most of the attacking adult women. As general, cancer cells have abnormal growth, as well as breast cancer cells, to date not yet known exactly what causes breast cancer, but several possible causes of breast cancer are as follows:
1. Age factor: Breast cancer is a type of disease affecting adult women and risk of breast cancer for women will increase when the age is increasing
2. Genetic factors: There are two types of genes namely BRCA1 and BRCA2 very likely be a risk factor for breast cancer. If your mother or sister with breast cancer, then you likely have an increased risk for breast cancer two-fold higher than other women in her family that no one with cancer.
3. Drug users: For example, a woman who uses hormone replacement drug therapy (Hormone Replacement Therapy or HRT), like the hormone estrogen will cause increased risk of suffering from breast cancer.
4. The body's immune system fails to build
5. Breasts are often crushed / squeezed
6. Drinking alcohol and smoking
7. Ionizing radiation during puberty or later: depending on dose and age when exposed to radiation exposure
8. Obesity in women after menopause: Obesity increases the risk of contracting breast cancer in after menopause for women by 30%, due to excess fat in the body increases levels of estrogen and insulin, which is the most common causes of cancer.
Other factors are suspected as the cause of breast cancer is not married, or married but has no children, childbearing after age 35 years and never breastfed. Other studies revealed that the occurrence of breast cancer will increase in people who frequently experience stress and women who menstruate first when aged under 11 years old.
There are so many possible causes of breast cancer, and possibly cancer cell growth was triggered by a combination of several factors causing the above. All you can do is pay attention to the things mentioned above and always alert.Perform routine checks on your breasts for early detection of cancer.
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Saturday, 22 October 2011

The Cause of Cervical Cancer

What is Cervical Cancer?
Cervical cancer is a malignant type of cancer that is often suffered by women. Cervical cancer begins in cells of the cervix (cervical). Cervical cancer begins in the lining of the cervix and is growing very slowly. The occurrence of cervical cancer, starting from the change of some normal cells into precancerous cells, then transformed into cancer cells. These changes are called dysplasia and is usually detected with a pap smear test.

The Cause of Cervical Cancer

Cancer experts believe that the main cause of cervical cancer is the HPV virus. HPV virus will attack the membranes in the mouth and esophagus, cervix and anus. If not immediately detected, HPV infection causes the formation of precancerous cervical cells in the long run.
HPV virus is divided into two, namely low-risk HPV virus - the cause of genital warts - and high-risk HPV viruses that can alter the surface of vaginal cells. Viruses that include high-risk HPV types are HPV virus types 16, 18, 31, 33 and 45.

The following are some factors that cause the occurrence of cervical cancer:

1. Smoking: Women who smoke have twice the chance of cervical cancer than women who do not smoke.
2. HIV Infection: A woman who contracted HIV have weakened his immune system so it can not fight the HPV infection and cancer in its early stages.
3. Bacterial infection Chlamydia: Several studies have found that women who have a history or current chlamydia infection, have a higher risk of cervical cancer.
4. Birth control pills: Use of oral contraceptives in the long run may increase the risk of cervical cancer.
5. Pregnant more than 3 times: Women who underwent three or more times in the process of pregnancy have an increased risk of
cervical cancer is higher.
6. The first pregnancy at a young age: Women who are pregnant first at age under 17 years are almost always two times higher likelihood of developing cervical cancer in his old age when compared with women who delay pregnancy until the age of 25 years or more.
7. Family history : if your mother or sister had cervical cancer, your risk of this cancer reaches two or three times higher than those with no histor.
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Saturday, 24 September 2011

Prostate Cancer Screening

Prostate cancer is one type of malignant cancer that require early investigation. In medical science, at least there are two methods that can be used to conduct an examination of patients with prostate cancer. Ways, among others, are as follows:

a. By doing a PSA (Prostate Specific Antigen)

PSA is an enzyme released by the prostate gland which serves to facilitate the diluting fluid ejaculated sperm motility. Basically, under normal circumstances, the PSA into the bloodstream only slightly. But the levels of PSA (Prostate Specific Antigen) in the blood increases when there is inflammation or damage to prostate tissue.
In a man who has aged more than 50 years are encouraged to conduct examinations in total PSA and DRE examinations (Digital Rectal Examination) each year.
If your family is suffering from prostate cancer, screening is recommended since the age of 40 years.

A.S. method (Active Surveillance)

A.S. method (Active Surveillance) is a condition in men with signs of precancerous prostate and actively monitor the development of prostate cancer. With this method, patients do not need to undergo any medical treatment such as surgery or radiotherapy for the parameters under control. Medical action need only be done if there is an increase in PSA.

The patient characteristics that can perform by using this method are as follows:

1. Value of PSA (Prostate Specific Antigen) is less or equal to premises 10
2. Biopsy showed a low-volume cancer with Gleason scores of 6 or less than 6
Gleason score is a rating agency of cancer that starts from 2 to 10 which indicates the aggressiveness of cancer. The higher value means more aggressive cancer.
3. Patients who are sentenced to suffer grade prostate cancer with T1c and T2a.
T1 and T2 is the lowest stage of cancer when cancer cells are still limited to only exist in the prostate gland.

Statistical test results showed that 65% of "prostate cancer" patients who perform inspection using the A.S. method (Active Surveillance) will remain in conditions that do not become malignant cancers.

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Thursday, 15 September 2011

Method of Treatment of Cancer With a Knife Particles

Destroy and Eleminate the Ability of Cancer Cells Proliferation

With the sophistication and advancement of science and technology, as now, especially medical science, cancer is no longer the kind of deadly disease. Many ways can be done to treat and destroy cancer cells. One of them with a knife using a small solar particles. In addition to treating cancer, this method can also eliminate the breeding ability of cancer cells.

Now you'll want to know, the type of cancer treatment, such as whether the method of particle knife? Knives particle is a method of treatment of tumors or cancer using radiotherapy with radiotherapy and intra combining minimally invasive surgery. The trick is to embed tiny particles that contain radioactive rays or charged into the body of a tumor or cancer.

These particles will form in the surrounding area of ​​radiation that can inhibit the biosynthesis of DNA and RNA of cells so that tumors and cancerous cells lose the ability to procreate. So, with such tumors and cancer cells can be eradicated and destroyed with the maximum.

Particle radiation is a substance called iodine-125 with a length of 4.5 mm and has a diameter of 0.8 m, area of ​​operation of each particle reaches a diameter of 1.7 cm. Each particle can be likened to a small sun. The most powerful radiation of the particle lies at the core of the particle, the radiation beam can reach up to 1.7 cm from the core particles. Beyond that there is no ray radiation, so as to minimize damage to normal tissue around the tumor and cancer.

A professor from Guangzhou Modern Hospital Cancer said: knife particle is a minimally invasive treatment technologies. In the process of therapy, at first position of a tumor or cancer confirmed by CT scan. By knowing the position of the cancer and radiation dose is required, iodine-125 implanted into the cancer with the monitor guide image. Some particle radiation can be implanted at once by the cancer and the tumor size and particle radiation spread evenly into it. Each - each particle will build on the area of ​​radiation that will destroy cancer cells.
Planting the particle is a minimally invasive surgery, so that the wound caused quite covered with plaster. In addition, the energy required in therapy is also little that can prevent the occurrence of complications from major surgery, trauma from surgery and others.
Thus, this method could be an option for treating malignant diseases and dangerous cancer.

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