Monday, 12 September 2011

What is Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is a malignant type of cancer that occurs in the prostate gland. Some doctors believe that prostate cancer begins with very small changes in size and shape of cells of the prostate gland. These changes are known as PIN (prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia). Nearly half of all people who have a PIN, after over 50 years of experience changes the look of the prostate gland cells on the microscope. This change has several levels, from low levels (almost normal) to high-grade (abnormal).

Prostate Anatomy
The prostate gland is a gland in the male reproductive system located just below the bladder and in front of the rectum or anus. Prostate gland size of a walnut and surrounds part of the urethra. The prostate gland produces fluid that will form the majority component of seminal fluid (semen).

Causes of Prostate Cancer
The cause of prostate cancer is not known with certainty. But there are some things that can increase a person's risk of prostate cancer, among which are age and family history. Hormonal factors, diet high in fat, and toxins are also cited as factors that cause prostate cancer.
To know someone affected by prostate cancer or not, then we should know the symptoms caused by this type of cancer. And symptoms of prostate cancer are as follows:

Prostate Cancer Symptoms
Early-stage prostate cancer has no symptoms that we can find. Prostate cancer symptoms appear after the cancer develops. Symptoms that appear resemble symptoms of BPH (benign prostatic hyperplasio), ie disease benign prostate enlargement is often seen in elderly men. Consequently, it is difficult to distinguish the two diseases and the necessary checks that can detect at once distinguish between prostate cancer with BPH.
Here are some symptoms that are often encountered in patients with prostate cancer:
1. Frequent urge to urinate or urinate, especially at night
2. Difficulty to start urinating
3. Flow is weak or interrupted urine
4. Feelings of pain or burning during urination
5. Blood in the urine or semen
6. Other sexual disorders, such as hard erection or painful ejaculation
7. Frequent pain or cramp in the lower back, hips or upper thighs
When you meet the above symptoms in yourself, then immediately do the examination to a specialist to get appropriate care and treatment.
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